Updated: Sep 18, 2020
✔️✏️📘Flight instruments are the instruments in the cockpit of an aircraft that provide the pilot with information about the flight situation of that aircraft, such as altitude, airspeed, vertical speed, heading and much more other crucial information.
✔️✏️📘These instruments are vital to the operation of the aircraft, helping the pilot maintain and control the aircraft.
✔️✏️📘Flight instruments are divided into two categories: static (or pitot-static) instruments and gyroscopic instruments.
✔️✏️📘There are 6 basic Flight Instruments in the cockpit which are
➖👉Altimeter :- The altimeter uses barometric pressure obtained from the static port to display the aircraft’s approximate altitude or height above mean sea level (MSL) in feet.
➖👉Airspeed Indicator :- It uses the pressure differential in the pitot-static system to measure and display the aircraft’s speed. In most aircraft the ASI displays speed in knots or miles per hour.
➖👉Vertical Speed Indicator :- It uses internal pressure differential to provide a visual indication of how fast the aircraft is climbing or descending.
➖👉Attitude Indicator :- It uses a rigidly-mounted internal gyro to display the aircraft’s attitude relative to the horizon.
➖👉Heading Indicator :- It uses a rotating gyro to display the current compass nose direction that the aircraft is flying
➖👉Turn Coordinator :- It uses a canted internal gyro to display both initial roll rate and stabilized rate of turn.